January 18, 2006


Letter From The President To The Chairmen And Ranking
Members Of The House Committees On Appropriations and
International Relations And The Senate Committees
On Appropriations And Foreign Relations

December 2, 1996

Dear Mr. Chairman: (Dear Ranking Member:)

In accordance with the provisions of section 490(h) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (Faa), as amended, I have determined that the following countries are major illicit drug-producing or drug-transit countries: Afghanistan, Aruba, The Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Burma, Cambodia, China, Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Hong Kong, India, Iran, Jamaica, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Venezuela, and Vietnam. These countries have been selected on the basis of information from the March 1, 1996, International Narcotics Control Strategy Report and from other United States Government sources.

This year, I have added Aruba to the list of major illicit drug-transit countries. At the same time, I am adding the Netherlands Antilles to those countries that we monitor as potentially significant drug-transit countries. These already include Cuba, Turkey, the Balkan Route countries and the former poppy-growing countries of Central Asia.


In the past 2 years, there has been a major shift in drug trafficking patterns, as enforcement activities in Mexico, the western Caribbean, and The Bahamas have pushed trafficking routes eastward. Taking advantage of the limited enforcement capabilities of most eastern Caribbean countries, Colombian drug syndicates have been routing U.S.-bound cocaine and heroin through the region. Consequently, countries that in the past have been peripheral to the drug trade have now taken on major roles that significantly affect the United States. While all of the eastern Caribbean is vulnerable to exploitation by traffickers, we have identified Aruba as a major drug-transit country. Aruba is situated on a major drug-transit route, with the vast majority of the cocaine and heroin that transits Aruba destined for the United States.

Cocaine trafficking through Aruba to Puerto Rico continues to involve both transshipment through Aruba and redistribution from Aruba as a hub to other locations. Cocaine is smuggled by ship via Aruba, using commercial vessels, cruise ships, pleasure craft, and fishing boats. In addition, according to the Dea, traffickers use Aruba's free-zone facilities to engage in transit of bulk shipments of cocaine without scrutiny by local officials. A substantial portion of the free-zone's businesses in Aruba are owned and operated by members of the Mansur family, who have been indicted in the United States on charges of conspiracy to launder trafficking proceeds.

Netherlands Antilles

Analysis of the trafficking patterns indicates that there is considerable drug activity taking place around the Netherlands Antilles, especially around St. Maarten. Although, at present, we have only anecdotal information, it is possible that significant quantities of U.S.-bound drugs are involved.

Turkey and Other Balkan Route Countries

Although I am still concerned about the large volume of Southwest Asian heroin moving through Turkey and neighboringcountries to Western Europe along the Balkan Route, there is no clear evidence that this heroin significantly affects the United States. If in the future it is determined that heroin transiting Turkey, Bulgaria, Greece, the former Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Croatia, the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, or other European countries on the Balkan Route significantly affects the United States, I will add the relevant countries to the "majors" list.


Cuba's geographical position astride one of the principal Caribbean trafficking routes to the United States makes it a logical candidate for consideration for the "majors" list. While there continue to be some credible reports that trafficking syndicates use Cuban territory (including waters and airspace) for moving drugs, it has not been confirmed that this traffic carries significant quantities of cocaine or heroin to the United States.

Central Asia

In 1996, the State Department conducted probe efforts in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, traditional poppy-growing areas of the former Soviet Union. These probes did not show significant opium poppy cultivation. If ongoing analysis reveals cultivation of 1,000 hectares or more of poppy, I will add such countries to the "majors" list at the appropriate time...

Sincerely, William J. Clinton


Anonymous said...

this is a Stretchhhhhhhhhhh.

arpucio said...

Hey michelle,
I don't know if we can believe Bill Clinton, remember he lied about Monica. But anyway he forgot to mention that if there were no users there would be no bussiness.
So he forgot the USA on this list.
Anyway I was always against drugs so, that's the end of this for me.

You seem like a nice person Michelle, have a good day

Anonymous said...

Aruba is the root of all the evils in the world. Drugs, I mean Rape Drugs, come with 101 rum and sex violence in Aruba is sickening. Is this a Holland culture by large. Natalee is a true victim of this so call Paradise Aruba for the Spring Break getaway kids. The Islanders are really preying on our fun-loving American young tourists. Bill Clinton is right, Aruba is the most dangerous place for anyone to go there now. The government is corrupt, the LE is clueless. The American tourist there is treated as an American dollar bill, it can be made, soiled, spent and destroyed just like poor Natalee. Natalee had a big stack of blank new minted one American dollar bills for tips back in her Holiday Inn hotel room. She was so kind and generous for the waiters and cab drivers. Natalee could never have thought she would be trashed so bad and so inhumane by these horrible muderous, drug dealers Arubans. Boycott Aruba.

Anonymous said...


Deb357 said...

I ask you to delete the very first comment on this tread post. It's utterly vulgar, disgracfull and only a sick human being (child) would post something like this. I hope his/her parents know they post such trash like this on forums about an innocent girl who was victimized.
Sick bastard!

Deb357 said...

Thanks Michelle for removing that awful post.